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50+ Best Demographic Survey Questions (Free Template Included)

Parvathi Vijayamohan

Last Updated:  

29 May 2024

10 min read

There are more than 8 billion individuals on earth. According to a study released by the US Commerce Department in January 2024, there will be approximately 4.3 births every second! That’s a lot of people and each one’s interests and opinions count!

This is why crafting the perfect set of Demographic Survey Questions matters.

Confused? Don’t worry. I’ll include sample questions and a bit about how to use them, the question types to focus on, their benefits, and a few best practices to follow while creating them.

(Psst…A free demographic survey template has been added so you can easily understand the process!)

Oh! If you want to jump right ahead to the questions, feel free to do so!

What is a Demographic Survey?

A demographic survey is a research method that gathers information about specific characteristics of a population.

This includes age, gender, race, income, education level, family status, etc. The information gathered from the survey lets you segment your audience and curate personalized products and services.

The most important aspect is that they are not restricted to quantitative data but include open-ended questions. This gives you a comprehensive view of customer sentiments and feelings.

Here’s a free demographic survey template designed with SurveySparrow. This conversational survey will hook your audiences and fetch 40% more responses.

Feel free to customize it if you like! If you don’t know how there’s an easy step-by-step guide towards the end of this blog.

Demographic Survey Template

What are Demographic Survey Questions?

Demographic survey questions are those that ask specifically about the respondent’s background.

The survey statistics help researchers or companies visualize and develop an accurate buyer persona. With this, they can craft top-notch marketing strategies and boost customer experience!

Did you know that 76% of organizations say that demographic surveys are crucial in helping them make informed decisions?

This is why choosing the questions that fit is vital.

That’ll be sorted in the next section!

Top 50 Demographic Survey Questions

We will look into standard questions and a few types of surveys.

You can try them out immediately using the above template or any others from the gallery.

Basic Demographic Questions

This focuses on the basic characteristics of the respondents.

It can be about age, gender, ethnicity, education level, income, marital status, employment status, and geographic location.

Why don’t we look at each one of them in detail?

Here are the most important questions sorted and categorized by topic:

Let’s start with…

1. Age

Understanding the age distribution of your audience base allows you to analyze the data based on generational differences, different life stages, and other age-related factors.

Each age group perceives products and services differently. For example, let’s say most of your customers are in their late forties or early fifties.
If you restrict your marketing campaigns to Instagram and TikTok, they’ll unlikely reach your audience! Knowing their preferences lets you shift all that work to a better medium.

Question Type: Multiple choice questions with radio buttons. These are categorical questions that show a particular range.

1. Can you select the age group that best represents you?

  • Teens (13-17)
  • Young adults (18-24)
  • Adults (25-44)
  • Middle-aged adults (45-64)
  • Older adults (65+)
  • Rather not say

2. Which of the following age groups best represents your current age?

  • 18-24
  • 25-34
  • 35-44
  • 45-54
  • 55-64
  • 65+
  • I prefer not to say

3. When’s your birthday?

2. Gender

The relevance of gender depends on the type of organization you run. For instance, a lifestyle company can do wonders if they know the gender of the customers who dominate each product.


By tailoring the different products and services, they can craft better strategies. This data is crucial for Stock Keeping Unit (SKU) assortments and feature customization.

Oh wait…

What’s SKU?
An SKU, or Stock Keeping Unit, is a unique code that helps businesses keep track of each product they have. It’s like each product’s ID number. So, if a store sells different colors or sizes of the same item, each one gets its SKU to keep everything organized.

Let’s get back to business.

Question Type: Open-ended question

Gender is dynamic. You can’t set an all-inclusive list. It is always better to leave space for the respondents to fill in the gender they identify with.

1. Which gender do you identify with?


2. What gender do you most closely identify with?

3. Ethnicity

Ethnicity refers to an individual’s identification with a social group with common cultural traditions, ancestry, language, or history.

With the data gathered from these questions, organizations can identify disparities or trends based on ethnic background.

Well, ethnicity is different from race. Most of us mistake one for the other. Race considers physical traits, while ethnicity takes culture as a whole.

Question Types: Open-ended

Did you know that there are more than 7,000 spoken languages worldwide? According to the Washington Post, a study showed more than 650 ethnic groups in 190 countries!

A small box can’t list the number of ethnicities. While we can always attach an “other” field, I recommend leaving it open.

1. How do you describe your ethnic background?

2. What ethnicity best represents you?

4. Income

Knowing your audience’s capacity to spend helps in the strategic market positioning of your products and services.

With this data and purchase history, you can quickly identify and outline customer buying behavior.

A company can introduce various products at varying prices to cater to budget-conscious consumers and those with higher disposable incomes.

Question Types: Open-ended, Multiple Choice with income range

1. What is your annual income?

  • Less than $25,000
  • $25,000 – $50,000
  • $50,001 – $75,000
  • $75,001 – $100,000
  • More than $100,000
  • I prefer not to say

2. Please enter your annual household income:
[Respondent enters their income amount in dollars]

5. Location

Location-based marketing opens up exciting opportunities. The segmentation can range from broad regions or countries to specific cities or postal codes.

By collecting geographical data, you can identify regional variations, demographic trends, and market dynamics.

Read more: What is Geographical Segmentation?

Question Type: geolocation-based options, open-ended, dropdown

1. Which country do you currently reside in?
Select your state or province from the dropdown menu:

2. Please enter the name of the city you live in:
[Respondent enters their city name]

3. Please provide your postal code for accurate location tracking:
[Space to enter their postal code]

Imagine you’re wandering through a store when your phone buzzes. It’s an alert from the store. What does it say? It’s a promotional advertisement for items in the aisle you’re in.

This is what’s called beacon marketing. Using location data, retailers send customers targeted ads for items in their immediate vicinity.

Kirill Tšernov, Qminder

6. Job Qualification

Getting an idea of your customer’s jobs will give you an insight into their professional backgrounds, skills, and interests, which are valuable for various purposes such as market segmentation, product development, and targeted marketing.

Oh, there’s one more thing! When crafting questions, it would be best to consider the post-pandemic job scenario

Question types: Checkbox, multiple choice, dropdown

1. What is your current employment status?

  • Employed full-time
  • Employed part-time
  • Self-employed
  • Unemployed
  • Student
  • Retired
  • Other: ____________

2. Please specify the industry you work in:
[Respondent enters their sector or field of work]

3. Which of the following job functions best describes your role? (Select all that apply)

  • Marketing
  • Sales
  • Finance
  • Human Resources
  • Information Technology
  • Customer Service
  • Other: ____________

7. Education Level

While one’s career path or lifestyle need not be necessarily defined by one’s educational qualification, it may be vital in some instances.

Again, it would be better to include this question after a question about the profession.

Question Types: Multiple choice, Dropdown

1. Select your highest education level from the dropdown menu:”
[Dropdown menu options include various levels of education]

2. What is the highest level of education you have completed?”

  • High school graduate/GED
  • Some college or associate degree
  • Bachelor’s degree
  • Master’s degree
  • Doctorate or professional degree
  • I prefer not to say

Now, it’s time to examine the types of surveys that can include demographic questions. I’ll also add sample templates for each. Tweak the questions and make them your own!

Types of Surveys

1. Business Demographic Survey

These surveys focus on the business rather than individual customers. They aim to understand the makeup and trends to tailor strategies and target the right audience.

Plus, you can get a comprehensive view of market trends and competitive dynamics, enabling companies to make informed strategic decisions and tailor their products or services to meet the needs of businesses effectively.

Sample demographic questions

  1. Which industry does your business operate in? (e.g., Technology, Retail, Healthcare)
  2. What is your company’s approximate annual revenue range (e.g. (Under $1 million, $1-5 million, $5-10 million, etc.)?
  3. How many employees do you currently have? (e.g., 1-10, 11-50, 51-250, etc.)
  4. How long has your company been in operation?
  5. What is the biggest challenge your business is facing right now? (Open Ended)

2. Student Demographic Survey

These surveys aim to collect information about the student population at a school or event.
Surveying the students will give you a better idea of their academic goals, which will help you tailor exceptional educational experiences!

It can also be used to track progress or improve student support services.

Demographic survey question examples

  • What is your current age range? (e.g., 18-22, 23-27, etc.)
  • Do you receive any form of financial aid? (Yes/No)
  • How do you learn best? Are you a textbook reader, YouTube watcher, or all about hands-on activities? (Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic)
  • Where do you currently live? (e.g., On-campus housing, Off-campus housing, With parents/guardians)
  • Real talk: What’s your biggest hurdle as a student right now?

3. Employee Demographic Survey

These questionnaires gather data about those who make the company tick. The goal is to know your employees better.

This survey provides insights into employee diversity, composition, and distribution across different demographic groups!

Read More: What is Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI)?

Important questions to ask

  1. How long have you been with the company?
  2. What’s your preferred method of communication for work updates? (Email, Chat, etc.)
  3. What’s one perk or benefit you appreciate at work? (Optional)
  4. Do you have any hobbies or interests outside of work that you’d like to share?
  5. What’s your current job title?

4. Patient Demographic Survey

Healthcare providers and hospitals conduct this survey to gather background information about patients.

Pro Tip!
Before you roll out any survey, ensure the forms comply with HIPAA Guidelines.
Here are the Top 10 HIPAA-compliant survey tools to make things easier.

Knowing a patient’s demographic details will help doctors provide personalized treatment. It will also help healthcare practitioners to identify potential risks and prevent certain health issues.

  1. Are you currently taking any medications? (Prescription or over-the-counter)
  2. Do you have any allergies we should be aware of? (Medications, food, etc.)
  3. What’s your age range? (18-24, 25-34, etc.)
  4. Can you briefly tell us about any current medical conditions you have?
  5. Is there a family history of any major illnesses? (Optional)

5. Household composition survey

A person’s purchase habits can be influenced by the people (or lack thereof) in their home.

Household composition describes a home according to certain characteristics, such as the number of people living together, their relationships, age, the presence or absence of kids, average income, etc.

Plus, knowing household size is essential when it comes to urban planning (such as building schools, parks, and housing options)

  1. How many people currently live in your household, including yourself?
  2. Are there any children under the age of 18 living in your household? (Yes/No)
  3. If yes, how many children under 18 live in your household?
  4. What is the relationship of the other people living in your household to you? (e.g., spouse, child, parent, roommate) (Check all that apply)
  5. Do you own or rent your home? (Yes/No)

Pro tip!
It’s important to consider what information is necessary for your survey. And always be mindful of sensitive demographics.
Always offer an option to skip a question if a respondent feels uncomfortable answering.

Demographic Survey Question: Tips and Strategies

  • Keep it simple: Keep it easy to understand, and don’t overdo it. Clear questions will get honest answers.
  • Give balanced choices: Provide clear answer choices that cover all possibilities.
  • Think like the respondent: You have to put yourself in their shoes. Frame questions from the participant’s point of view
  • No bias in language: Phrase questions neutrally to avoid influencing answers. You don’t want things to get lost in translation, right?

Common Challenges and How to Solve Them

1. Unclear Wording and Bias

Challenge: Using complex language can skew the responses or confuse the audience.
Solution: Let’s not be Wordsmiths here! Use everyday language and avoid loaded terms or phrasing.

2. Finding the Right Balance Between Questions

Challenge: Too many open-ended questions can be time-consuming for respondents to answer and difficult for you to analyze.
At the same time, too many closed-ended questions can limit responses and miss valuable nuanced data.
Solution: Mix it up a bit! Try to add only one open-ended question and place it toward the end. If it is a long survey, limit it to two.

3. Ensuring All Demographics Feel Represented

Challenge: Sometimes, surveyors ask questions that assume certain ethnicities or genders. This can exclude certain sections and hurt their sentiments.
Solution: Use inclusive language. Either provide all options or choose to make such questions open-ended.

4. Keeping the Survey Length Manageable

Challenge: Admit it—long surveys bore us all! They can fatigue respondents, which can result in survey abandonment.
Solution: Include only questions relevant to the topic of interest. Use conversational forms that make it feel like you’re chatting with your respondents! You can also consider offering skip logic, where questions only appear based on previous answers.

5. Maintaining Participant Privacy and Comfort

Challenges: All of us have a sensitive spot, right? Some questions can easily hurt the sentiments of a specific section or individual. They might also not be answered due to privacy concerns.
Solution: You should always start by addressing this issue. State that the surveys will be anonymous and that the respondents’ data is safe in your hands. Also, always keep the skip option or “I prefer not to answer” choice enabled for such questions.

And that’s a wrap!

Why don’t we end this with a few simple steps to create a survey with SuvreySparrow?

How to Create a Demographic Survey with SurveySparrow

SurveySparrow has a question generator that you can use to build demographic survey questions or on any random topic. Check it out if you’re interested!

Now, why don’t we dive right into the process?

Step 1: Sign in

  • Let’s start by logging in to your SurveySparrow account.

If you don’t have an account,

  • Create one for a 14-day free trial so you can use it immediately!

Sign up today!

Step 2: Create

It’s time to create your survey! Click on the +New Survey button to make your own from scratch.

If you choose to work on a template, click Browse Classic Template and select the one that fits the bill.

You can also work on the template that is attached above.

Here comes the fun part!

Step 2: Customize

Once you have the template, customize it to your heart’s desire.

Here’s how you do it:


  • You can remove questions that don’t fit and add more from those we discussed.
  • Remove SurveySparrow’s logo and add your own. Change the color, font, and style to suit your brand.
  • Use the wing feature to edit the pre-populated questions.

Step 3: Integrate

Now that your survey is hot and ready to serve connect with your favorite apps, such as HubSpot, Zapier, or Mailchimp, to automate the workflow!

Step 4: Share

That’s it. Wasn’t that simple? Your demographic survey is ready to be shared!

Reach your customers via email, WhatsApp, SMS, social media, QR code, or embed it on your webpage. SurveySparrow will automatically save the changes each time, keeping your data safe!

Feel free to reach out if you have any queries! I’m not going anywhere!

For advanced guidance, the support team is always happy to help!

Wrap Up!

To sum it up, demographic survey questions are crucial because they help us understand who we’re dealing with and what they need.

By asking about age, gender, and background, you can make smarter decisions and tailor your strategies to suit different groups better.

Bottom line? It’s all about making things work for everyone and building a space where everyone feels included!

So, start asking the right questions!


1. What is demographic method of data collection?

Demographic data collection involves gathering information about a population’s characteristics, such as age, gender, income, education, and ethnicity. This information is typically collected through surveys, questionnaires, and census data.

2. Are demographic questions qualitative or quantitative?

They can be both qualitative and quantitative, depending on the type of information being collected. For example, questions about age and income are quantitative, while questions about religion and political affiliation are qualitative.

3. Why are demographic questions important in a survey?

They are vital in a survey because they provide valuable information about the characteristics of the survey respondents. This information can be used to segment the audience and tailor marketing strategies and products to meet their needs better. Demographic data can also be used to identify trends and patterns in the data.

Parvathi Vijayamohan

Growth Marketer at SurveySparrow

Fledgling growth marketer. Cloud watcher. Aunty to a naughty beagle.

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