# Simple Random Sampling | Definition, Steps, Pros and Cons

Vishak V

Last Updated: 30 May 2024

Simple random sampling is a type of probability sampling technique involving randomly selecting elements from a population. This method is often used in research studies to ensure that the data collected is representative of the entire population. It is considered one of the most basic forms of sampling and the most efficient way to select a sample from a population.

## How to do simple random sampling | Steps

Simple random sampling can be done in a few simple steps:

1. Choose a sampling frame – This is the list of all the elements in the population you want to sample.

2. Choose a sampling method – A few different methods can be used for simple random sampling, but the most common is to use a random number generator to select participants.

3. Draw a random number from a table or computer software – This will determine the order in which elements are selected from the sampling frame.

4. Select participants – Using the random number generator, select participants from the sampling frame in random order.

5. Collect data from the participants – Once all participants have been selected, you can then begin collecting data from them. This can be done through surveys, interviews, or other methods.

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Coming back to the next point…

6. Analyze the data – After all of the data has been collected, it can then be analyzed to see if it is representative of the population as a whole.

7. Select the first element on the list – This is your first sampled element.

8. Repeat steps 2 and 3 until all desired elements have been selected.

## Pros and cons of simple random sampling

### Pros:

– Simple random sampling is a very simple process and is easy to learn.

– This method is very efficient and can be used to select a sample from a large population quickly.

– The data collected using simple random is typically representative of the entire population.

### Cons:

– There is a slight chance that the sample selected may not represent the population.

– It can be time-consuming if the population is large.

## When to use simple random sampling

Simple random sampling is often used in research studies to ensure that the data collected is representative of the entire population. It is also used in situations where it is important to select a sample quickly, such as in market research or opinion polls.

## Random Sampling Techniques

Some common random sampling techniques include simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, and cluster sampling. Probability sampling is a technique that involves randomly selecting elements from a population. This method is often used in research studies to ensure that the data collected is representative of the entire population.

### Probability Sampling

There are several benefits of using probability sampling techniques, including reducing bias and increasing the accuracy of results. Additionally, probability sampling techniques can be used to select a representative sample from a large population.

Probability sampling techniques have disadvantages, including the potential for human error and the need for complex calculations. Additionally, probability sampling techniques may not be appropriate for all research studies.

### Simple Random Sampling

Simple random sampling is one type of probability sampling technique that can be used to select a representative sample from a population. This method involves selecting elements from a population in a random fashion.

Simple random sampling is often used in research studies to ensure that the data collected is representative of the entire population. There are several benefits of using this method, including reducing bias and increasing the accuracy of results. Additionally, it can be used to select a representative sample from a large population.

Some disadvantages of simple random sampling include the potential for human error and the need for complex calculations. Additionally, this may not be appropriate for all research studies.

### Stratified Random Sampling

Stratified random sampling is another type of probability sampling technique that can be used to select a representative sample from a population.

### Vishak V

Frustrated developer turned joyous writer.

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